Octygeek / Alejandro del Valle Tokunhaga
“Americans fear technology will take away their jobs”:
Andrew Williamson, Vice President of Huawei.
Digital transformation is already a reality in Mexico and the world, it is unavoidable and in all professions technological advances always raise the same question: will we be replaced by robots? Will we be unemployed?
The answer is always no, as the use of technology is currently helping us to change, replace or improve business models to enable organizations to achieve their short- and long-term goals, but human action remains irreplaceable. This is a recurring theme as recent advances in automation and robotics are increasingly creating social anxiety.
The PEW Research Center found in its latest study that 70 percent of adults in the United States fear that robots will do a greater variety of jobs and lead to unemployment. 67 percent think the algorithms used to evaluate and hire candidates will take up space, and 56 percent would not travel in an autonomous vehicle for fear of an accident.
However, the risk is latent. Six years ago, in 2016, the University of Oxford in England found that 47 percent of current jobs could be replaced by robots, particularly in the service sector and manufacturing. In 2017, McKinsey, a global strategy consulting firm focused on solving strategic management problems, predicted that automation would reach 800 million jobs worldwide by 2030.
Around the world, there is evidence that the impact of the fourth industrial revolution on productivity could be profound. Huawei, in collaboration with other partners, has found that the combined application of 5G, cloud computing, IoT, and machine learning brings great efficiency gains and savings.
Some sectors where profound changes would occur are:
Smart manufacturing: In aerospace, quality control of airframes could be left to AI and robotics to reduce costs by 50 percent.
Smart ports: Operating autonomous cranes and robotic dispatch systems would save supply chains time and money. A supervisor could also be responsible for 3 or 4 cranes at the same time.
Smart Mining: Robotics and automation in the detection, extraction and handling of minerals would help reduce the risks for workers at the mines. As well as a 50 percent cheaper production.
Intelligent security systems: More and more governments and agencies are focusing their crime prevention strategies on the constant surveillance of surveillance cameras and robotic patrols, which improve crime detection by 60 percent.
It is likely that technology will later be used to fill gaps in the workforce, whether due to shortages of skilled workers or the retirement of older adults in low-growth countries; but so far no cause for concern. In the meantime we will wait.
Electronics and Telecommunications Engineer from UAM.